Living in a ‘mass extinction’

On average, “the background extinction rate” will bump off about one species, per million species, per year. But what we’re seeing now is a bit more extreme. “If we…Continue readingLiving in a ‘mass extinction’

Banks have given almost $7tn to fossil fuel firms since Paris deal

Researchers for the banking on climate chaos report, now in its 15th edition, analysed the world’s top 60 banks’ underwriting and lending to more than 4,200 fossil fuel firms…Continue readingBanks have given almost $7tn to fossil fuel firms since Paris deal

Disease and hunger soar in Latin America after floods and drought, study finds

Hunger and disease are rising in Latin America after a year of record heat, floods and drought, a report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has shown. The continent,…Continue readingDisease and hunger soar in Latin America after floods and drought, study finds

World extends run of heat records for an 11th month in a row

April was the Earth’s 11th consecutive month of record-breaking heat, with warmer weather already sweeping across Asia and a hotter-than-usual summer expected in Europe. The European Union’s Copernicus Climate…Continue readingWorld extends run of heat records for an 11th month in a row

A New 66 Million-Year History of Carbon Dioxide Offers Little Comfort for Today

A massive new review of ancient atmospheric carbon-dioxide levels and corresponding temperatures lays out a daunting picture of where the Earth’s climate may be headed. The study covers geologic…Continue readingA New 66 Million-Year History of Carbon Dioxide Offers Little Comfort for Today

Record-breaking increase in CO2 levels in world’s atmosphere

The largest ever recorded leap in the amount of carbon dioxide laden in the world’s atmosphere has just occurred, according to researchers who monitor the relentless accumulation of the…Continue readingRecord-breaking increase in CO2 levels in world’s atmosphere

World’s top climate scientists expect global heating to blast past 1.5˚C target

Hundreds of the world’s leading climate scientists expect global temperatures to rise to at least 2.5˚C (4.5˚F) above preindustrial levels this century. Almost 80% of the respondents, all from…Continue readingWorld’s top climate scientists expect global heating to blast past 1.5˚C target

‘Hopeless and broken’: why the world’s top climate scientists are in despair

The climate emergency is already here. Even just 1˚C of heating has supercharged the planet’s extreme weather, delivering searing heatwaves from the US to Europe to China that would…Continue reading‘Hopeless and broken’: why the world’s top climate scientists are in despair

Copernicus: 2023 is the hottest year on record, with global temperatures close to the 1.5°C limit

Continue readingCopernicus: 2023 is the hottest year on record, with global temperatures close to the 1.5°C limit

Once melting glaciers shut down the Gulf Stream, we will see extreme climate change within decades

Ocean currents are driven by winds, tides and water density differences. In the Atlantic Ocean circulation, the relatively warm and salty surface water near the equator flows toward Greenland.…Continue readingOnce melting glaciers shut down the Gulf Stream, we will see extreme climate change within decades

What’s causing the Amazon’s ongoing record drought?

The devastating drought in the Amazon River Basin that reported in October has continued into Northern Hemisphere winter, which is the heart of the wet season in the southern…Continue readingWhat’s causing the Amazon’s ongoing record drought?

Atlantic Ocean circulation nearing ‘devastating’ tipping point

AMOC, which encompasses part of the Gulf Stream and other powerful currents, is a marine conveyer belt that carries heat, carbon and nutrients from the tropics towards the Arctic…Continue readingAtlantic Ocean circulation nearing ‘devastating’ tipping point

Marine sponges reveal global warming has already exceeded 1.5 degrees

Scientists analysed 300 years of ocean temperature records from marine sponges and discovered global warming has increased by 0.5˚C more than was previously estimated. In the study, published in…Continue readingMarine sponges reveal global warming has already exceeded 1.5 degrees

Assessment of warm-water coral reef tipping point thresholds

Warm-water coral reefs are facing unprecedented Anthropogenic driven threats to their continued existence as biodiverse, functional ecosystems upon which hundreds of millions of people rely. We draw upon a…Continue readingAssessment of warm-water coral reef tipping point thresholds

Ice sheet collapse closer than thought

How the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) responded to warmer climates in the geologic past has obvious relevance to our understanding of what its future could be as global…Continue readingIce sheet collapse closer than thought

Flowers ‘giving up’ on scarce insects and evolving to self-pollinate

Flowers are “giving up on” pollinators and evolving to be less attractive to them as insect numbers decline. A study has found the flowers of field pansies growing near…Continue readingFlowers ‘giving up’ on scarce insects and evolving to self-pollinate

Dubai summit adopts world-first ‘transition’ from fossil fuels

Nearly 200 nations meeting in Dubai on Wednesday approved a first-ever call for the world to transition away from fossil fuels. The biggest-ever COP meeting hosted more than 88,000…Continue readingDubai summit adopts world-first ‘transition’ from fossil fuels

Endangered species list grows by 2,000. Climate change is part of the problem.

Leaders of the IUCN updated their Red List of Threatened Species, a tracker of biodiversity around the globe. It was mainly bad news. The list includes information on 157,000…Continue readingEndangered species list grows by 2,000. Climate change is part of the problem.

Quarter of world’s freshwater fish at risk of extinction

Nearly a quarter of the world’s freshwater fish are at risk of extinction due to global heating, overfishing and pollution, according to an expert assessment. Nearly a fifth of…Continue readingQuarter of world’s freshwater fish at risk of extinction

Current carbon dioxide levels last seen 14 million years ago

New analysis finds the last time the air contained 420 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide was between 14-16 million years ago, when there was no ice in…Continue readingCurrent carbon dioxide levels last seen 14 million years ago

Climate tipping points are nearer than you think. Our new report warns of catastrophic risk.

Most people expect that if a system, like someone’s body, an ecosystem, or part of the climate system, becomes stressed, it’ll respond fairly predictably—double the pressure, double the impact,…Continue readingClimate tipping points are nearer than you think. Our new report warns of catastrophic risk.

Global carbon emissions from fossil fuels to hit record high

The world is on track to have burned more coal, oil and gas in 2023 than it did in 2022, according to a report by the Global Carbon Project,…Continue readingGlobal carbon emissions from fossil fuels to hit record high

COP28 president says there is ‘no science’ behind demands for phase-out of fossil fuels

The president of COP28, Sultan Al Jaber, has claimed there is “no science” indicating that a phase-out of fossil fuels is needed to restrict global heating to 1.5˚C, the…Continue readingCOP28 president says there is ‘no science’ behind demands for phase-out of fossil fuels

Emissions Gap Report 2023

Total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in 2020 were 54.5GtCO2e, and grew to 57.4 in 2022. The emissions gap for 2030 is defined as the differencebetween the estimated total…Continue readingEmissions Gap Report 2023

Remaining Carbon Budget

The remaining budget for a reliable chance (83%) of not exceeding 1.5˚C global warming has been expended – After making all these changes, our best (50%) RCB estimate starting…Continue readingRemaining Carbon Budget

When Idiot Savants Do Climate Economics

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has assumed Nordhaus is to be trusted. The integrated assessment models used at the IPCC are based on Nordhausian visions of adaptation to…Continue readingWhen Idiot Savants Do Climate Economics

Climate report: ‘Uncharted territory’ imperils life on Earth

Earth’s vital signs have worsened beyond anything humans have yet seen, to the point that life on the planet is imperiled. William Ripple, a distinguished professor in the Oregon…Continue readingClimate report: ‘Uncharted territory’ imperils life on Earth

Rapid ice melt in west Antarctica now inevitable

Accelerated ice melt in west Antarctica is inevitable for the rest of the century no matter how much carbon emissions are cut, research indicates. The implications for sea level…Continue readingRapid ice melt in west Antarctica now inevitable

Earth ‘well outside safe operating space for humanity’

Earth’s life support systems have been so damaged that the planet is “well outside the safe operating space for humanity”, scientists have warned. Their assessment found that six out…Continue readingEarth ‘well outside safe operating space for humanity’

Pace of increase in CO₂ concentration has increased three-fold

The pace at which the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has jumped three-fold in five decades. Annual growth in global mean carbon dioxide averaged across the last decade…Continue readingPace of increase in CO₂ concentration has increased three-fold

Critics of ‘degrowth’ economics say it’s unworkable—but from an ecologist’s perspective, it’s inevitable

You may not have noticed, but earlier this month we passed Earth overshoot day, when humanity’s demands for ecological resources and services exceeded what our planet can regenerate annually.…Continue readingCritics of ‘degrowth’ economics say it’s unworkable—but from an ecologist’s perspective, it’s inevitable

Signs of the human era, from nuclear fallout to microplastics

Soaring greenhouse gases, ubiquitous microplastics, pervasive “forever chemicals”, the global upheaval of animals, even old mobile phones and chicken bones—all have been put forward as evidence that the world…Continue readingSigns of the human era, from nuclear fallout to microplastics

Evidence in Canada lake indicates start of new Anthropocene epoch

Scientists say human activity has so fundamentally altered the geology, atmosphere and biology of the earth that it has entered a new geologic epoch known as the Anthropocene. On…Continue readingEvidence in Canada lake indicates start of new Anthropocene epoch

Football pitch of tropical forest lost every 5 seconds

Earth lost an area of carbon-absorbing rainforest larger than Switzerland or the Netherlands in 2022, most of it destroyed to make way for cattle and commodity crops. That is…Continue readingFootball pitch of tropical forest lost every 5 seconds

Arctic Ocean could be ice-free in summer by 2030s, with global, damaging and dangerous consequences

The Arctic Ocean could be ice-free in summer by the 2030s, even if we do a good job of reducing emissions between now and then. That’s the worrying conclusion…Continue readingArctic Ocean could be ice-free in summer by 2030s, with global, damaging and dangerous consequences

Will fossil fuel phase-out make it onto the UN’s climate agenda?

United Nations climate chief says while the rapid end of burning coal, oil, and natural gas is urgently needed, the topic may not even reach crucial COP28 negotiations.Continue readingWill fossil fuel phase-out make it onto the UN’s climate agenda?

Too late now to save Arctic summer ice, climate scientists find

It is now too late to save summer Arctic sea ice. The study also shows that if emissions decline slowly or continue to rise, the first ice-free summer could…Continue readingToo late now to save Arctic summer ice, climate scientists find

Amount of warming triggering carbon dioxide in air hits new peak, growing at near-record fast rate

“CO2 now is higher than any time in the last 4 to 4.5 million years when the atmosphere was about 7 degrees Fahrenheit (3.9 degrees Celsius) warmer and sea…Continue readingAmount of warming triggering carbon dioxide in air hits new peak, growing at near-record fast rate

Antarctic alarm bells: Observations reveal deep ocean currents are slowing earlier than predicted

We found melting of Antarctic ice is disrupting the formation of Antarctic bottom water. The meltwater makes Antarctic surface waters fresher, less dense, and therefore less likely to sink.…Continue readingAntarctic alarm bells: Observations reveal deep ocean currents are slowing earlier than predicted

Saving humanity: Here’s a radical approach to building a sustainable and just society

The dangerous and destructive myths of conventional economics include the claims that: Since planetary boundaries have already been exceeded and low-income countries must develop, social justice demands that the…Continue readingSaving humanity: Here’s a radical approach to building a sustainable and just society

As Ocean Oxygen Levels Dip, Fish Face an Uncertain Future

Researchers complain that the oxygen problem doesn’t get the attention it deserves, with ocean acidification and warming grabbing the bulk of both news headlines and academic research. Just this…Continue readingAs Ocean Oxygen Levels Dip, Fish Face an Uncertain Future

Researchers discover a cause of rapid ice melting in Greenland

“These ice-ocean interactions make the glaciers more sensitive to ocean warming,” said senior co-author Eric Rignot, UCI professor of Earth system science and NASA JPL research scientist. “These dynamics…Continue readingResearchers discover a cause of rapid ice melting in Greenland

Humanity’s tipping point? How the Queen’s death stole a climate warning’s thunder

On September 8, 2022, at 6.30pm in Britain, Buckingham Palace announced the death of Queen Elizabeth II. The news broke just 30 minutes before the press embargo lifted on…Continue readingHumanity’s tipping point? How the Queen’s death stole a climate warning’s thunder

New Research Sparks Concerns That Ocean Circulation Will Collapse

The groundbreaking modeling study published by Australian and American researchers at the end of March for the first time includes a detailed assessment of the likely impact of melting…Continue readingNew Research Sparks Concerns That Ocean Circulation Will Collapse

Look up, listen, and be very concerned. Birds are vanishing – and their crisis is our crisis

The UK has lost 40m birds since 1970 and Europe as a whole has lost 600m birds since 1980. The British figures, especially for farmland species such as skylark…Continue readingLook up, listen, and be very concerned. Birds are vanishing – and their crisis is our crisis

Greenhouse gas emissions rose at ‘alarming’ rate last year, US data shows

Carbon dioxide levels rose by more than two parts per million (ppm) for the 11th consecutive year: the highest sustained rate of CO₂ increases since monitoring began 65 years ago.…Continue readingGreenhouse gas emissions rose at ‘alarming’ rate last year, US data shows

“Buckle up. More extreme events are expected,” says head of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The United States is Earth’s punching bag for nasty weather. Blame geography for the U.S. getting hit by stronger, costlier, more varied and frequent extreme weather than anywhere on…Continue reading“Buckle up. More extreme events are expected,” says head of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Carbon dioxide emissions reached a record high in 2022

Communities around the world emitted more carbon dioxide in 2022 than in any other year on records dating to 1900, a result of air travel rebounding from the pandemic…Continue readingCarbon dioxide emissions reached a record high in 2022

Faster, higher, hotter: What we learned about the climate system in 2022: Part 3

Risks are cascading and underestimated, new climate extremes recorded, and the conclusion.Continue readingFaster, higher, hotter: What we learned about the climate system in 2022: Part 3

Faster, higher, hotter: What we learned about the climate system in 2022: Part 2

2°C degrees is not a point of system stability, we are heading towards 3°C or more, and system-level change and tipping points are happening faster than forecast.Continue readingFaster, higher, hotter: What we learned about the climate system in 2022: Part 2

Faster, higher, hotter: What we learned about the climate system in 2022: Part 1

Record emissions, the 1.5°C target, what about overshooting 1.5°C and cooling back to that level by 2100?, and the likelihood of achieving the 2°C target.Continue readingFaster, higher, hotter: What we learned about the climate system in 2022: Part 1

Climate, ice sheets & sea level: the news is not good

Parts of Earth’s ice sheets that could lift global oceans by meters will likely crumble with another half degree Celsius of warming, and are fragile in ways not previously…Continue readingClimate, ice sheets & sea level: the news is not good

Worst impacts of sea level rise will hit earlier than expected, says modeling study

Using the new measurements of land elevation, Vernimmen and co-author Aljosja Hooijer found coastal areas lie much lower than older radar data had suggested. Analyses of the new lidar-based…Continue readingWorst impacts of sea level rise will hit earlier than expected, says modeling study

Energy and Climate Data Summary

A summary of the latest energy and climate data has been published on this site. Image above is Bełchatów Power Station, Poland.Continue readingEnergy and Climate Data Summary

Exxon and Chevron share $100bn in profit after surge in oil prices

Exxon was expected to record more than $56bn in profits in 2022 and Chevron is set to top $37bn, record highs for both companies, according to Wall Street estimates…Continue readingExxon and Chevron share $100bn in profit after surge in oil prices

Humanity devouring itself and the planet

“At the moment,” writes Warren Hern, “we are the most misnamed species on the planet: Homo sapiens sapiens—’wise, wise man.’ Not.” Hern, 84, physician and adjunct professor of anthropology…Continue readingHumanity devouring itself and the planet

Almost 70% of animal populations wiped out since 1970, report reveals

Earth’s wildlife populations have plunged by an average of 69% in just under 50 years, according to a leading scientific assessment, as humans continue to clear forests, consume beyond…Continue readingAlmost 70% of animal populations wiped out since 1970, report reveals

Phantom Forests: Why Ambitious Tree Planting Projects Are Failing

Everybody likes trees. There is no anti-tree lobby. A global push to go beyond conservation of existing forests and start creating new ones goes back to 2011, when many…Continue readingPhantom Forests: Why Ambitious Tree Planting Projects Are Failing

World on brink of five ‘disastrous’ climate tipping points

The climate crisis has driven the world to the brink of multiple “disastrous” tipping points, according to a major study. It shows five dangerous tipping points may already have…Continue readingWorld on brink of five ‘disastrous’ climate tipping points

Major sea-level rise is ‘now inevitable’

Major sea-level rise from the melting of the Greenland ice cap is now inevitable, scientists have found, even if the fossil fuel burning that is driving the climate crisis…Continue readingMajor sea-level rise is ‘now inevitable’