Overall, even as we are moving to a decarbonised energy system, coal and gas will continue to heat our homes and keep manufacturing going for many years to come. In short, if projects involving these traditional energy sources stack up environmentally, economically, and socially, we will support them.
Total Energy Supply (also known as ‘Primary energy’) accounts for energy supplied prior to conversions to electricity or hydrogen. For help, see the introduction.
The recent decline of carbon intensity is mainly due to additions of wind and solar electricity, and subtractions of coal fired electricity. Despite this, the value in 2022 still exceeded that of most countries6.
Energy Consumption (i.e. Final Energy)
Final energy accounts the consumption of energy in final forms, and therefore can account for electricity separately from heat (e.g energy consumed for steel manufacture, or by transport). Unlike primary energy, final energy does not rely on calculating equivalences for non-combustible fuels such as solar and wind. For help, see the introduction.
The above pie charts of each year are combined below to show the annual gross world energy consumption of each fuel, showing electric and non-electric energy consumption combined.