‘End of century’ extreme heat and drought conditions in Europe could occur much earlier than previously thought

Simultaneous episodes of extreme heat and drought could occur earlier and repeatedly in Europe, reports a study published in Communications Earth & Environment.

Laura Suarez-Gutierrez and colleagues investigated how soon end-of-century heat and drought stress could occur in Europe—and the role North Atlantic variability over the decades may play—under a moderate climate scenario that leads to warming of approximately 2.25° Celsius by the end of the century.

The study suggests that there is a greater than 10% chance of two successive years of end-of-century extreme heat occurring by 2050 to 2075, while 5-year long European megadroughts may also occur.