Australia’s Fossil Fuel Exports

Australia has become the world’s third largest exporter of fossil fuels, the second largest thermal coal exporter, and vies with Qatar as the world’s largest LNG exporter. LNG is predominately methane that is liquified by cooling to -162℃, thereby compressing it and making it economic to export in specifically designed tankers.1 (Natural gas piped domestically […]

Our Current Path

Chart 1 shows we are still carbonising, and chart 2 shows that ‘every year energy use increases, & most of the increases come from fossil fuels.’1 In the absence of policies global warming is expected, to reach 4.1°C – 4.8°C above pre-industrial by the end of the century. The emissions that drive this warming are […]

350 ppm

Dr Hansen has published many studies, in conjunction with other scientists about climate change.1 Dr. James Hansen, formerly Director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, is an Adjunct Professor at Columbia University’s Earth Institute, where he directs a program in Climate Science, Awareness and Solutions. Dr. Hansen is best known for his testimony on […]


To hold global average temperature steady, emissions need to reach ‘net zero’. Net zero emissions are achieved when emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere are balanced by anthropogenic removals. An increase in global average temperature of e.g. 1.5°C corresponds to a limited net amount of CO2 being emitted. This amount of CO2 is usually referred […]


The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a treaty with the objective of: “stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.”1 This is informed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), within which “experts review and synthesize available […]