All data shown is the most recent available as of August 2020. The most recent year varies with dataset.
World TFC and electricity generation are shown in chart 1. 63% of energy in 2017 was consumed directly as fossil fuels,1 and in 2019 the same share of electricity was generated by fossil fuels.2 Data of TFC is only available in the IEA dataset.
The charts below highlight the sobering relative consumption of oil in the transport sector.
- 14.9% + 37.8% + 11% = 63.7%
- 36.4% + 3.1% + 23.3% = 62.8%
- BP does not fully account for biofuels, and these may not be carbon-neutral, as explained at https://www.worldenergydata.org/biofuels/
- Biofuels on this website are the summation of solid and liquid biofuels, and therefore Geothermal, Biofuels and Other equals the summation of BP’s data for ‘Geo, Biomass and Other’ and ‘Biofuels’.
- 8.7/20.3 = 42.9%, https://web.stanford.edu/group/efmh/jacobson/Articles/I/TimelineDetailed.pdf
- This is due to: (a) using heat pumps for building heat; (b) using electricity for industrial heat; (c) using battery and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles; (d) eliminating mining, transportation and processing of fuels, and (e) efficiency improvements.
- Also note: (i) Non-energy use of energy sources excluded (e.g. oil used for lubrication); (ii) Transport & Distribution Losses include gas distribution, electricity transmission, and coal transport, and (iii) Examples of Electricity Industry Own-Use include energy consumed in coal mines, own consumption in power plants and energy used for oil and gas extraction.