World Energy Consumption

Total Final Consumption (TFC) accounts for energy consumed by an economy in its final form. For example, accounting for gas burned to produce heat separately from that burned to produce electricity.
63% of energy in 2017 was consumed directly as fossil fuels.
Energy consumption keeps increasing, mostly due to increased electricity consumption in most sectors, and oil consumption in the transport sector.

World Carbon Intensity

Carbon intensity of TPES is the annual mass of emitted CO₂ per unit of supplied energy, and is a measure of the carbonisation of an energy system.
There was no net-decarbonisation of the world energy system during the 18 year period from 1999 to the end of 2017.

World Energy Supply

In 2019 the world continued to add supplies of fossil fuels. Carbon-free additions were greater than fossil fuel additions, but only by 9%.
Excluding the impacts of the GFC in 2009, additions of renewables have not outpaced fossil fuels since 1993.

Energy Accounting

An explainer about methods for accounting of the supply and consumption of energy.

Anthropogenic CO₂ Emissions

In 2018, 83% of anthropogenic CO₂ emissions originated from fossil fuel combustion. 46% of this in 2017 was from only 11 economic sectors within 5 countries.

World Electricity Generation

In 2019, annual electricity generation by fossil fuels reduced for the first time since 2015; the only instances in the past decade.
During 2016-19, additional wind electricity generation faltered, and that from solar slowed.


There is a perception that energy from solid biofuels is carbon-neutral, but this is not necessarily true.