Australia’s Fossil Fuel Exports

Australia has become the largest exporter of metallurgical coal and LNG, and the 2nd largest exporter of thermal coal. Expansion of these exports on prodigious scale is a priority for both major Australian political parties.

The Energy System of the United Kingdom

Generation of electricity from coal plummeted, and CO2 emissions from fossil fuels declined by 30% between 2008 and 2018.
Despite this, fossil fuels accounted for 76% of the UK’s energy supply in 2017, and 45% of electricity generation in 2018.

The Energy System of Sweden

In 2017, fossil fuels accounted for 22% of Sweden’s energy supply and only 1.2% of electricity generation.
Roughly equal shares of nuclear, hydro and biofuels supply almost ¾ of Sweden’s energy, enabling it to report that it has substantially decarbonised, but the Swedish government and the bioenergy trade association claim biofuel energy is carbon-neutral, which may not be the case and may have resulted in an under-reporting of CO₂ emissions.

The Energy System of Australia

Fossil fuels accounted for 90% of Australia’s energy supply in 2017, and 79% of electricity generation in 2019.
Just over half of energy consumed was from oil.

The Energy System of the People’s Republic of China

Fossil fuels accounted for 83% of China’s energy supply in 2017, and 70% of electricity generation in 2018.
The increase in fossil fuelled electricity generation in 2018 was twice that from hydro and renewables combined.